SESSION 7 | February 23, 2010


  • 1:30-2:20pm: Four Ads wall review. Preferences, Presets
  • 2:30-4:20pm: Test. Style sheet exercises (Text-Chapters.doc)
  • 4:30-5:05pm: Paragraph Styles, Character styles, style overrides, redefining a style, find/replace, nested styles

Styles control how a specific bit of type or an object will be formatted. There are 3 main types of styles: paragraph (icon=¶), character (icon=A) or object (icon=frame with handles). The Icons can be found in the control panel and the icons are just to the left of a drop down menu which will display all the styles currently available in the document. Clicking on the Style’s Icon (¶, A, Box) produces a pop-down menu with “create new style” and “style options” as 2 of the options.

The easiest way  to create styles is by  stylizing/formatting a small amount of text then, with the copy selected create a new paragraph style and all of the “attributes” used will become part of the new style.  The type of attributes that a style can control vary depending on if it is a Paragraph, Character or Object style.

  • Paragraph Styles: go throughout the whole paragraph from the beginning through a “Hard Paragraph Return” = ¶. Paragraph styles cover all the attributes which can be found in the “Style Options Dialogue Box.
  • Character Styles: are used in conjunction with paragraph styles to change a small amount of text within a paragraph. The attributes for character style can be found under the “Style Options” dialogue box in the Character Style Panel. The example we did in class was changing the color of the words: “Chapter #.” within our paragraph style.
  • Style Options: you get to the style options dialogue box either by clicking on the icon in the control panel and choosing “Style Options” or from the paragraph-, character-, object-style panel (usually docked at the right side of the application window.
  • Object Styles: control the attributes of: shapes, text frames, graphic frames. Things like stroke, inset, fill, drop shadows etc. (note: we have not worked with these in class yet.)
  • Override is when you have applied a style sheet and then manually change an attribute (like color, size, stroke etc.) A plus sign (+) appears in after the style name in the Style button in the control panel,  indicating that there is an override.
  • Redefine: if you make an override to a style and decide you want to apply that style to the whole document you   “redefine” the style sheet and it will make that change across the entire document wherever that style is in use and will remove the override (+). Example: You highlight some text that is styled with “Body” paragraph style and you want to change the typeface. You  manually change/styalize/format the text by changing the Font Family in the control bar. This will result in showing an override after the style name: “Body+”. To make that change throughout the entire document — wherever body is used — you can click on the ¶ icon and in the dropdown menu select “Redefine Style”.


Take the Tabloid.indd file we created in class and experiment with changing the style sheets. Highlight some text, change the style then redefine the style so it makes the change through the whole document. Myriad Pro should NOT be in use in the document when you bring it back in on Tuesday.

FROM ADOBE SUPPORT REGARDING CORRUPT FILE STRUCTURE: in “Perhaps even more important than making sure that InDesign is closed is to ensure the thumbdrives are ejected (by clicking on the eject icon in Finder) before removing them from the computer. If a thumbdrive gets pulled out before being ejected (which I confess I am guilty of doing from time to time), the data may not have been flushed out to the drive.”

EXTRA CREDIT: add a new page to the document, draw text box(s) and from the type menu “Fill with placeholder text”. Stylize the text and mane new styles for Body1, head1, subhead1 and apply them throughout this page. Remember you are creating a hierarchy here of what is most important or to be read first (head1). Subheads are to group like ideas, break up copy and allow “skimmers” to at-a-glance get an understanding of the content in the body. The majority of the text is usually set in body paragraph style.


  • InDesign CS4: Chapters 14 and 19
  • QuarkXpress 7: Chapter 15

About Andrea

Graphic designer and artist specializing in visual storytelling. I love to mix visuals and text to create pieces that inspire, educate and inform.

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